The most prestigious film festival in the world came to fruition as an indirect result of fascist regimes faced during the Second World War, when the Venice Film Festival favoured a propaganda film. The French were rightly outranged and withdrew from the festival, along with the British and American jury members in protest. Thus the Cannes Film Festival was born, providing an outlet for artistic appreciation without bias and political censorship.
During the 1950's, Cannes quickly gained momentum as one of the most exclusive places to be, welcoming international journalists, directors and film-makers as well as the celebrity jet-set pack.The first scandals exploded in 1953 with the affair of British actress Simone Silva, who was photographed topless with Robert Mitchum on the Lérins Islands, this began a trend of women posing topless on the beach during Cannes to hail recognition from the paparazzi. Then it was Brigitte Bardot, who was discovered at Cannes, quickly became an icon which further added to the Cannes phenomenon. The films selected met with equal commercial success; more scandal and hysteria ensued when in 1960, Federico Fellini’s La Dolce Vita, was considered pornographic and controversial at the Vatican, which threatened to excommunicate anyone who saw it.